Therefore Macbeth orders Banquo and his son, Fleance, to be killed to ensure that his sons will be kings. If the witches had not told Macbeth these foresights, then he would not have killed King Duncan and Banquo. During the second meeting with Macbeth, the witches again make predictions which lead to other evil acts. Their predictions make him violent, fearless.
The prophecies are comforting to Macbeth but they trick him into doing cruel acts. The second apparition told him that,. However, as the latter has fled, he ends up doing something more spiteful. Macbeth would have fled during the battle but because the witches told him that he was invincible he held his position and fought until the end. The witches also affect Lady Macbeth indirectly. Her husband tells her, through a letter, of his meeting with the witches.
She is the one who thinks of the original plan to kill King Duncan. After assessing the situation, she speaks with Macbeth and asks him to,. Throughout the play, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth do actions they would never have done without some outside encouragement; the witches in this case. The witches make the story, without them there would be no murder of the King and therefore no thrilling plot can follow.
Midwives and doctors were more likely to be accused of witchcraft as they were surrounded by death at all times.
People feared witches and blamed them for all evil. It was believed that witches could control the weather, bringing on fogs and tempests. The words said by the first witch imply that witches can produce the weather they desire. Witches were also thought to be able to sail in egg shells, cockle or mussel shells and in sieves through and under tempestuous seas.
Another Elizabethan belief about witches is that they had familiars, a reptile or a bird, to which they spoke. Throughout the play, the witches give some indication that they do indeed have familiars. Did they fly to get these unusual items? Their speaking habits were considered particular and odd. They spoke in rhythm and rhyme. All their lines are written as such, for example, their famous spell. The witches also speak in riddles. Witches were thought to be unlike normal humans.
They were believed to have beards. Banquo is taken unaware about these particular features when he meets them for the first time with Macbeth. Moreover people believed that witches harmed and killed livestock. It was thought that it was a casual habit and it is illustrated as such in the play when the witches meet again in act one and speak of their deeds.
Likewise, they were supposed to be able to harm people but not kill them. It was a common belief that witches could see the future. This is first revealed in act one, scene three where they predict the future for Macbeth and Banquo,.
Witches are seen to cast spells, concoct horrible potions and raise spirits. The animals they used in their brew are also somehow linked to evil.
Originally, the stereotypical witch was an old woman or hag, dressed in black to represent the devil, and having familiars of cats and owls to do her bidding. These features are illustrated throughout the play. In act four, scene one, Macbeth refers to the witches as. Witches were believed to be connected to the devil somehow.
They have made a pact with him as shown by their familiars. Some even believed that they were possessed by demons. They held rituals at night in the woods and danced with the devil. Shakespeare included the witches to both interest and please King James. He was particularly interested in witches and witchcraft for a number of reasons.
James I came to believe in and fear witches around when there was a conspiracy against his life. Francis, Earl of Bothwell, the heir to the throne if James was to die and have no children, was accused of trying to kill the king with the aid of witches.
He supposedly had the witches throw a christened cat into the sea in order to raise a storm. While interrogating the accused, King James became convinced that they had been trying to kill him. These events led to James I great fear of witches and many of them were burned at the stake.
Not content with merely starting a witch hunt and presiding over several trials, James even took part personally in several interrogation and torture sessions of suspected witches. He wrote one book about witchcraft called Demonology. He thought that all witches were bad and were the devil reincarnated on earth. He could not offend the King as this was considered treason and he could have been put to death for this.
The author makes one reference in the play to King James. He gave coins to those he touched. The witches play an important part in the moral of the play. The moral is that one should not trust witches or work with them otherwise a curse shall come upon him; one should put all his trust, faith into God to live a happy life away from mischance and to go to Heaven. Under the influence of unchecked power, Macbeth takes actions that have serious and devastating consequences for himself and for other characters in the play.
Once Macbeth has committed an act in which he uses power for negative ends, he finds it increasingly difficult to restrain himself from resorting to the perverted use of power. Ultimately, it his inability to distinguish the adaptive and maladaptive functions of power from one another that prevents him from realizing his potential greatness. The Role of Witches in Macbeth. Macbeth introduces an element of fantasy into the normal tragedy narrative through the characters of the witches.
Far from serving as a distracting element, the witches help focus the reader on some of the darker and more sinister aspects of the play. The Role of Lady Macbeth. Lady Macbeth is a character who makes an easy reading and interpretation of the play impossible. Like many female characters, Lady Macbeth was cast into a role not entirely of her own choosing; however, like her husband, she finds that once she is on the path of darkness, it is impossible for her to turn back.
In fact, Lady Macbeth becomes even more bloodthirsty than her husband, and she encourages him to use his power to perpetrate violence against others. A character analysis of Lady Macbeth reveals that she is a complex character who adds depth to an otherwise straightforward play about power dynamics. Blood Imagery in Macbeth. While the blood that is shed is a tangible reminder of the outcomes of misused power, it also serves as an image that provokes Macbeth to reflect upon his deeds, even if he does not change his behavior.
Macbeth becomes obsessed with the blood on his hands. Unfortunately, this reminder of his guilt does not prevent him from continuing violent acts. This list of important quotations from Macbeth by William Shakespeare will help you work with the essay topics and thesis statements above by allowing you to support your claims.
All of the important quotes from Macbeth listed here correspond, at least in some way, to the paper topics above and by themselves can give you great ideas for an essay by offering quotes and explanations about other themes, symbols, imagery, and motifs than those already mentioned and explained.
- Macbeth: The Witches’ Responsibility for Macbeth’s Actions The three witches that are introduced at the beginning of the play are responsible for the introduction of the ideas .
The witches use extraordinary equivocatory language when speaking: “hail to thee Thane Glamis/ hail to thee thane of Cawdor/ All hail Macbeth that shalt be king hereafter”. Macbeth is confused, he is the thane of Glamis but not of Cawdor, and he is not the king.
the Witches in Macbeth One purpose for having the witches in Shakespeare's play, Macbeth, is to make a comparison between Macbeth's conscious world and Macbeth's unconscious, dream world. In this essay, I will touch upon Sigmund Freud's theories of dreams and the unconscious, and consider the nature of the witches and their . Macbeth Witches' Brew Notes Essay Shakespeare included the topic in his renowned play Macbeth. This tragic play features a hero, Macbeth, who messes with fate and thus brings much trouble and evil upon him.
The Role of the Witches in Macbeth In the play, Shakespeare used the witches to represent the supernatural, evil, a destructive force and an inversion of natural order. At the time the play was written, people believed this, and feared witches. The witches prophecies to Macbeth and Banquo plant the seed of thought in Macbeth’s mind “Thou shalt get (father) kings.” When Macbeth becomes king, he sees this as a threat to his kingship and attempts to murder Banquo’s son, Fleance.