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Writing a Summary Essay

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How to Write a Summary Essay?

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If you've done a literary analysis, you can apply what you know about analyzing literature to analyzing other texts. You will want to consider what is effective and ineffective. You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the audience to agree. Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start.

Text , Reader , and Author are easy to understand. When writing the analysis, you need to think about what kind of text it is and what the author wanted to have the audience think, do, or believe. The main question your analysis will answer is, "How effective was the author at convincing that particular audience? Context means several things: In this context, Exigence is synonymous with "assumptions," "bias," or "worldview.

Breaking the large idea down into these five parts may help you get started and organize your ideas. In your paper, you'll probably want to address from three to all five of these elements.

Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of your analysis. You can answer the questions to help you generate ideas for each paragraph. Analyzing the text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before.

Use all of your tools of literary analysis, including looking at the metaphors, rhythm of sentences, construction of arguments, tone, style, and use of language. You can do the same for this sort of analysis. For example, in my sample reading the response about Michael Crichton's "Let's Stop Scaring Ourselves" article, students noted that the fact that Crichton is the author of doomsday thrillers like Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park makes his argument that we shouldn't pay much attention to current doomsday scenarios like global warming rather ironic.

If you don't know anything about the author, you can always do a quick Google Search to find out. You can write this section by inferring who the intended reader is, as well as looking at the text from the viewpoint of other sorts of readers. Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze.

Your response will also be evident to the reader by the tone that you use and the words you select to talk about the article and writer. However, your response in the conclusion will be more direct and specific. It will use the information you have already provided in your summary and analysis to explain how you feel about this article. Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the following categories:. You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response.

Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay for more sample essays, see the links above:. The best way to summarize an essay is to start by quickly reading it through. After you read it once, write down what you think the main idea of the author is or pick the one sentence which seems to tell the main point or thesis of the article.

Next, read it again more slowly. This time, underline or highlight the main topic sentence in each paragraph. Then, re-write each of these sentences in their own words either on a hard copy of the essay or in a Word document. Now you can take all of those re-written topic points and use those as the basis of your summary. Re-read all of those sentences, and you should have all of the main ideas of the essay.

If you realize there is something missing, then you will have to write that in. However, you aren't finished yet because your summary needs to flow like a smooth paragraph. So take what you've written and re-write it to have the sentences make sense and flow together. Use my Easy Words for Starting Sentences article to help you use the transition words that show the linking of ideas next, furthermore, moreover, however, on the one hand, not only, but also.

If you want to do a really exceptional job, once you have finished your summary, you should go back and look at the original article one last time. Compare your summary with the article and ask yourself these questions:. What is a strong opening for a response essay in letter form?

In a SAR paper, the conclusion should usually be your response to the article. That means that you will tell the reader what you think about it, including whether you liked it, what you learned from it, how it reminded you of something in your own experience, or how it changed your thinking.

Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Hi Rezvan, to prepare for your exam, you should practice following the steps I show you here and you should read all of my example articles. You can also look at my article about summary and response. You should ask your instructor whether your analysis is supposed to include a personal response.

Sometimes, the "response" part is included in the analysis. If it is not, that can be a good way to start the article, by talking about your expectations before reading and then how you thought after reading. What did you think this was going to be about? Or judging from the title, what would most people think this is about? That can be a good way to introduce your paper, especially if the topic turns out to be a surprise. Another simple way is just to state the main idea of the article in one sentence.

A third introduction would explain the context of the publishing of the article or the cultural circumstances that most people would know about that topic. I have an exam in 2 days that will ask me to write to summarize and analyze" an article. I wonder how it looks like to have both a summary and analysis!

I am a bit confused about how to structure it and how to start my introduction. I'm not sure how you can do a personal response without using a personal pronoun. However, if that is your assignment, you can say: This article makes the reader feel The author is believable because The current situation of I'm so glad that this information helped you.

I hope you will share this with other students. I know that many English instructors are graduate students who are not terribly experienced teachers and have a lot of work to do in their own studies. After over 20 years of focusing on teaching writing, I wanted to share what I had learned from my students about how to write these essays more clearly and easily.

Most of my information comes from working with students and analyzing their essays to see what worked best. Once again, thank you! I wish I would've seen these articles at the beginning of my English class! You provide the type of information that I can easily follow.

I have an instructor for my class this semester that has not made herself available for classes or who bothers to answer emails or texts. Had I known about this site, I think I would've done just fine taking my class online!

Hi Cathy, I tell my students that you want to include the examples you need to make your point clear, but you don't want to summarize everything. Hello, Thank you so much for your guide. Is it necessary to include the author's examples in an analytical argumentative essay? Rodsy, I'm so glad that this has helped you. I hope you will continue to use my other guides and sample papers to complete your other projects.

Thank you so much for making it easy. Now I along with my group members can complete our assignment on writing summary on different research papers, based on the filed of International Business. Thank you so much! I really appreciate the effort put into your work. It would depend in part what sort of assignment you've been given.

Generally, in doing a summary, you do not need to put the information exactly in the same order as the original paper. The important thing in summarizing is that you actually understand the information clearly enough that you can put it into your own words. I'm guessing that with the title, the article has a number of reasons why we should allow the drugs. If the reasons can be grouped, into types of reasons, that would be your best organization technique. For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably:.

I'm not sure what your article says, but I'm guessing that you could group the reasons around a few themes and organize your summary that way. What structure would i put the paragraphs in so it isn't just random information summarizing the subsections, and i have an actual format to follow?

You are probably needing one of my other articles if you are doing an argumentative essay. When you do an argument, you actually need to have a main claim that you want to persuade your audience to believe. The analysis part of that sort of essay means that you evaluate the pros and cons of other ideas about that claim.

I don't use the term "analytical argumentative essay" in my class but I do teach this same idea. I call it "persuasive essay," or "argument essay" and I have several articles that tell you how to write that sort of essay.

Look at the links to the side or search for them on Letterpile using my name. Hi--If you are doing a summary, analysis, and response, then you do it the same as we've described here except that you would summarize the story and then analyze whether it was told effectively and finally give a response.

If you are actually talking about writing a narrative paper about something that happened to you, you need to see my article on "How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. How can I write a story of a personal encounter in an accident. Please can you give me example? Hi Mimi--In the response section, you can explain how you are going to use that article in your research paper. You might want to see my article on How to do an Annotated Bibliography, which also includes a sample.

Glad this is helpful to you Flor. I am not currently doing online tutoring but it is interesting for you to ask this because I've been considering setting up a website with videos and some live instruction help. Are you interested in doing tutoring online? I would love to have the opportunity to be tutor by you. Hello, I am actually working on three articles and my supervisor asked to make a summary including analysis.

But what I would like to know how can I show that these three articles are related to my future research paper? I love the way this website gives steps and examples. I love how you can distinguish all of this into your on understanding. All of this explaining is a great source for anything. You have to love everything about this site. This is the best. Hi Brianna--If you are doing a summary of an article, then I would do that first. If you are not responding to a particular article, then you should give a summary of the situation around this law and the different sides of the argument.

Then pose a question which is interesting to you. Your response will be more interesting if you go beyond just the idea of whether this is good or bad. Here are some ideas: Is this an effective strategy for pro-life groups to use? Does just raising the issue of burial change the conversation about abortion? Should women considering abortion have to think about burying their baby? How can I come up with a theme for my response paper. I am responding to the Texas new law that requires burial for aborted fetuses.

Thanks for letting me know Seza! This type of essay is not very well explained in many textbooks and that is what led me to write these instructions and ask my students to post examples.

Since I've been using these instructions, I've found my students do a much better job at writing these kinds of essays, which is important because the thinking you do while writing these essays is what prepares you for doing good research.

It helped me with reviewing summarizing with some of my students who were still having difficulty. I especially liked the chart.

However, please change adjective to adverbs. I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles.

This my second semester in the university and I have to write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me. Since I started writing online in , I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in the United States.

Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. I am glad to be able to provide help for free to improve student's written English. My first time to write a summary of a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks: I don't know why I should go to school.

This is the right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources. In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, "Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs.

I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is dealing Information Technology. Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! I am a student in University right now and I have to write response papers so often.

This article is extremely useful for me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on it when I have my next paper due! Aesta--glad to know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing. Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly.

In the end, it takes less time! Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to digest this information and start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester.

Organization is key in writing a good summary and response. Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger.

I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.

The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS. Thanks for a great hub. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff. Will be following you too as I want to be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction.

How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. I will have to think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes. This page is a great method to connect to others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to texts. Anything that provides us something to think about can be put into a responsive reading.

You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links. Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub.

I have bookmarked it. Same for middle school. Critical essay summary of the three rats by Wilfrido Ma Guerrero? WikiAnswers is not a free service for writing critiques, essays, discussion papers, reports and summaries, or homework. This is considered cheating. We WILL help you learn how to write a good paragraph. Write sentences the way you speak - just pretend you are telling this to a friend, and write down what you would say. What would you tell them about this topic? How do you answer a summary?

Who is Filipino Healer Manghihilot? They are known to thousands of Filipino from all walk of life who had cause to be grateful for his help. In deed, many of them believed that they had either saved or changed their lives when all seemed lost. He is considered a diagnosticians, a prophet, and a devoted proponent of Bible lore. He display powers of perception which seemed to extend beyond the normal range of the five senses. Most of them had not completed their 6 th grade.

Filipino Healers are the most positive, energetic, and practical persons. He inspire confidence, he practice what he preaches. He is friendly, enthusiastic and possesses a wonderful sense of Humor.

They view illness as not just a set of symptom but as an imbalance of body mind and spirit. HILOT help yourself regain, physical, mental, emotional , spiritual stability and a new attitude toward living.

According to Filipino Healer, man must begin where He is. If he cannot heal himself, how can he be a channel of healing for his fellowman?

Many of us must fight or have fought that battle within self, the Higher self making war on all levels, until eventually we fall literally flat on our backs, exhausted, physically, mentally, emotionally, socially and financially defeated.

What is the summary of this essay of revenge by Francis Bacon? Of Revenge Revenge is a kind of wild justice; which the more man's nature runs to, the more ought law to weed it out.

For as for the first wrong, it doth but offend the law; but the revenge of that wrong, putteth the law out of office. Certainly, in taking revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior; for it is a prince's part to pardon. And Solomon, I am sure, saith, It is the glory of a man, to pass by an offence.

That which is past is gone, and irrevocable; and wise men have enough to do, with things present and to come; therefore they do but trifle with themselves, that labor in past matters. There is no man doth a wrong, for the wrong's sake; but thereby to purchase himself profit, or pleasure, or honor, or the like. Therefore why should I be angry with a man, for loving himself better than me?

And if any man should do wrong, merely out of ill-nature, why, yet it is but like the thorn or briar, which prick and scratch, because they can do no other. The most tolerable sort of revenge, is for those wrongs which there is no law to remedy; but then let a man take heed, the revenge be such as there is no law to punish; else a man's enemy is still before hand, and it is two for one. Some, when they take revenge, are desirous, the party should know, whence it cometh. This is the more generous.

For the delight seemeth to be, not so much in doing the hurt, as in making the party repent. But base and crafty cowards, are like the arrow that flieth in the dark. Cosmus, duke of Florence, had a desperate saying against perfidious or neglecting friends, as if those wrongs were unpardonable; You shall read saith he that we are commanded to forgive our enemies; but you never read, that we are commanded to forgive our friends. But yet the spirit of Job was in a better tune: Shall we saith he take good at God's hands, and not be content to take evil also?

And so of friends in a proportion. This is certain, that a man that studieth revenge, keeps his own wounds green, which otherwise would heal, and do well. Public revenges are for the most part fortunate; as that for the death of Caesar; for the death of Pertinax; for the death of Henry the Third of France; and many more.

But in private revenges, it is not so. Nay rather, vindictive persons live the life of witches; who, as they are mischievous, so end they infortunate. What are the best essay topics for a how-to essay? While many essay topics have been assigned over and over again,we have seen some interesting essay topics that our writers havetruly enjoyed writing. The interesting essay topics include: What motivates terrorists and assassins. Security of US borders and Illegal Immigration.

Impact of media on society. Should you feel guilty about killing zombies? Atomic bomb and the domino theory. Why same sex marriage should be legal. If you were going to build the perfect shopping mall, whatwould you include?

Connection between robotization and world poverty. Teaching children with learning disabilities. What would be the best way to end bullying in your school? The physics of swimming.

Are actors and professional athletes paid way too much? Stereotypes in the media. Should people stop using Facebook? Why or why not? Why animal testing should be banned. Do you really need a high school diploma or college degree tobe successful today? The Day After Tomorrow: Impact of global warming onsociety. What is the one gadget that you could not live without? Explain why ancient Greek mythology is still relevanttoday.

Why violent video games is not a cause of aggression. Sex education in public schools. Is anything private anymore? Discuss how companies track yourhabits.

Pros of genetic engineering. What do schools need to do to prepare students for the 21stCentury? How much information should be on food labels? Most typical cyber crime Look at the link in the Related Links section below for moreinformation. Why is the essay classified as a personal essay?

Essay is classified as personal essay because one put some personal statements in it, I think. Will you write an essay summary of the three rats by Wilfrido Ma Guerrero? What is a summary of When You Reach Me? Book Summary Twelve-year-old Miranda has enough to worry about: Twelve-year-old Miranda has enough to worry about: But now Miranda is getting creepy hidden notes that tell her to write down the story of what happens to her -- but not inform anyone.

It will take a tragedy to show Miranda that neither the notes nor her friendships are quite what she imagined.. What is a summary of a cv? The acronym CV usually stands for the Latin phrase "curriculum vitae" meaning, a summary of someone's life. It is basically a list of qualifications, that people use for such things as job applications, or when making formal judgments about something legal issues, medical issues, etc.

Joseph Addison Summary of his essay Ladies head dress? As far as the author knows there is no such thing in Nature that changes so often like a ladies headdress. Where can you get essays? A public library might have essays on file. You might phone first to verify if they have a subject you need.

What is the summary for Pokemon? Well, Pokemon is a franchise about people who live in a world with strange creatures that love to battle. Some people capture these creatures, known as Pokemon.

Some use them in battles against other people recreationally, and some battle competitively. Some people use them for criminal purposes. Some enter contests with them, showing off their beauty, strength, and other qualities.

Currently there are known Pokemon. Before February of , there were , but there were two more "discovered" released to the public. These two new Pokemon are Zoroark and its pre-evolution, Zorua. There are different regions of the Pokemon world, like our countries. There is Kanto, Johto, Hoenn, and Sinnoh. These are the regions featured in the classic style Pokemon game, where you take the role of a trainer heading off on their adventure to catch them all.

What is the summary of the highwayman? The highwayman finds and falls in love with an innkeeper's daughter called Bess. He asks her for a 'last kiss' and then leaves to steal money as he is a highwayman. The ostler horse keeper overhears them talking and because he loves Bess also, he is so jealous that he tells King George's men who try to track the highwayman down. When they can't, the go to the innkeeper's house and tie Bess to the foot of her bed and wait for the highwayman to return.

When Bess hears the highway man's horse coming, she decides to kill herself with a gun to save the highwayman. However, after she kills herself, the highwayman is caught and killed. Why summary is important? Summaries tend to tell the reader a brief explanation about what that piece of writing is about. For example, books have a summary about what they are about. Summaries are important because they give the reader an idea about what to expect from a book, presentation given in writing, and many more.

Summaries in book reports and essays will usually let the reader infer that the person who wrote it, is aware of the reader's attention. Summary an essay on criticism by Alexander pope?

In this poem, Pope is addressing the harmful effects of critics and bad criticism. He believes that we need to let nature guide us. By this he means that we need to follow the examples set by the ancient poets: Virgil, Homer, Aristotle, Horace and Longinus. If we copy the nature they have started for us then we can be as great as they were. What is a summary in reading? A summary tells the main points of a story, paper, or any works of writing.

How to write a summary? Write the first draft of your summary by 1 combining the thesis with your list of one-sentence abridgment or 2 combining the thesis with one-sentence digest plus important facts from the channel. In either case, abolish repetition.

Eliminate less crucial statistics. Disregard secondary details, or generalize them. Use as few text as conceivable to take the main point of view. Summary of the essay on arranging a marriage in India by Serena nanda? What is a summary of pregnancy? What can your essay be about? An essay should be about your opinion on something. Through the essay, you use examples to prove your opinion is true. So pick something you can support well. What is the summary from hatchet? His parents' recent divorce weighs heavily onhim, as does "The Secret" that his mother is having an affair.

Thepilot gives him a very brief flying lesson in which Brian hascontrol of the plane for a few minutes. The pilot seems to beexperiencing increasing pain in his shoulder, arm, and stomach.

Atfirst Brian does not think it is very serious, but as the pilotbegins jerking in his seat it becomes clear that he is having aheart attack. The attack stops and the pilot is dead; Brian isforced to take over the controls. After a harrowing descent, theplane crashes into a lake in the Canadian woods, where Brian isstranded.

Brian has little to eat and is injured from the crash, butbelieves he will soon be rescued. He finds some strange berries toeat, which make him extremely sick. He then finds a raspberrypatch, where he spots a bear. Brian constructs a shelter and in themiddle of the night he hears a noise. A porcupine has entered hisshelter and Brian throws the hatchet in its direction.

It shootsits quills into Brian's leg, causing him severe pain. Brianattempts to build a fire with no matches and eventually succeedswhen he learns how to strike his hatchet against a stone to ignitesparks.

He finds turtle eggs and eagerly eats them. One day a planeflies overhead but does not see him and continues on its way,leaving Brian devastated and hopeless.

He attempts to commitsuicide by cutting himself with his hatchet, but survives theattempt and emerges from the experience determined to embrace lifeand to take an active role in his own fate. Brian soon catches his first fish and enjoys a big feast. Thatnight, however, a skunk enters the shelter and when Brian yells atthe skunk, it sprays him, temporarily blinding him and covering himwith a horrible stench.

Brian perfects his tools and catches afoolbird, his first meat. While he is cleaning the bird in thewater, a moose attacks Brian, injuring his ribs and his shoulder. Another unfortunate incident soon follows when a tornado sweepsover the woods and destroys Brian's shelter. The day after the tornado, Brian discovers that the chaotic stormhas riled up the water in the lake, and the tail of the plane hademerged from the lake, reminding Brian of the dead pilot andcompelling him to say a few words for him.

Lying in bed one night,it occurs to Brian that he could seek out the survival pack in thebody of the plane, and he determines to build a raft to do so. After many incidents of trial-and-error, Brian retrieves thesurvival pack from the plane. At one point he drops the hatchet tothe lake's bottom, but retrieves it with a long dive.

On his wayback up to the surface, Brian sees the dead pilot's headunderwater, partially eaten by fish. Brian gets sick in the waterbut manages to make it back to his shelter to get some sleep. The next morning Brian opens the survival pack, which containscountless useful items, some of which Brian rejects in favor of theself-sufficient methods he has developed during his time in thewoods. However, there is freeze-dried food that he decides to cookimmediately.

He also finds something labeled "EmergencyTransmitter. AsBrian is preparing his much-anticipated meal, a plane lands on thelake to rescue a dumbfounded Brian sitting down to eat hisfreeze-dried meal. What is a summary in a paper or essay? A summary is the basic idea of the story. If someone asked you what the story was about, you would give them a summary of it.

Where to get essays for essay writing? For model essays, you can use number1papers. What is the meaning of narrative essay descriptive essay expository essay?

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Key Points to Consider One of the most important aspects about a summary essay is its connection to the source. Your summary essay should serve as a substitute for the original source; by reading your summary essay, This type of essay is about summarizing the original text, not criticizing it.

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A response is a critique or evaluation of the author's essay. Unlike the summary, it is composed of YOUR opinions in relation to the article being summarized. It examines ideas that you agree or disagree with and identifies the essay's strengths and weaknesses in reasoning and logic, in quality of supporting examples, and in organization and style.

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The purpose of the summary essay is to convey an idea and the text understandings to the in mind that your essay should function like a . Summary is indispensable in preparing for and writing an argumentative essay. When you summarize a text (or describe visual material), you distill the ideas of another source for use in your own essay. Summarizing primary sources allows you to keep track of your observations.

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A summary essay should be organized so that others can understand the source or evaluate your comprehension of it. The following format works well: 1. Contains a one-sentence thesis statement that sums up the main point of the source. This thesis statement is not your main point; it . English Essay #1 Assignment Summary – Response Paper Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays The Summary: A summary is a concise paraphrase of all the main ideas in an essay.